Home Europe UNESCO’s Spanish Renaissance Cities – Ubeda and Baeza

UNESCO’s Spanish Renaissance Cities – Ubeda and Baeza

by Valerie Vanr

The beautiful cities of Ubeda and Baeza are recognized by UNESCO for their outstanding Renaissance architecture.  They are located in the province of Jaen, in the Andalusian region of southern Spain. These cities boast a large number of impressive buildings from the 16th century, many designed by one man, Andres de Vandelvira.  Enjoy a walk through their gorgeous streets, sampling the gastronomy of the province of Jaen that produces some of the best olive oil in the world.

Itinerary for visiting the province of Jaen

What is Spanish Renaissance architecture?

Italian architects in the early 15th century began designing buildings in a style more like classic Romanesque buildings.  Instead of the Gothic era’s pointed arches and thick buttresses, the Renaissance style showcased rounded arches and sturdy columns. The arches, columns and rounded roof domes are in buildings of all types. The style wasn’t widely adopted in Spain until the 16th century when Andres de Vandelvira began his career as an architect.

Person looking at front ornate building
Andres de Vandelvira designed the Sacred Chapel of the Saviour, in Ubeda, the largest civil mausoleum built in Spain.

Who is Andres de Vandelvira? 

Andres de Vandelvira, born in 1509, is given credit for bringing the Renaissance style from Italy to Spain. Though trained as a stone mason, his building designs stretch over three phases of Spanish Renaissance architecture. All phases can be seen in Ubeda. An example of the early phase called plateresque is the Sacred Chapel of the Saviour. The Vazquez de Molina Palace displays the middle phase with more classical proportions. The Hospital of Santiago, further to the west of the historical core of Ubeda, is a late Renaissance style. Vandelvira died in 1575 and was buried in the San Ildefonse Basilica in Jaen.

Ubeda

Úbeda’s old town is filled with beautiful stone mansions and churches, many built in the Renaissance architectural style. It is one of the few places in Andalusia where the bulk of the remaining historic buildings were not built by the Moors. These Ubeda buildings are the largest group of Renaissance buildings to survive to the 21st century in Spain and are considered some of the most important in Europe.

Prominent 16th-century resident Francisco de los Cobos y Molina became state secretary to King Carlos I gaining influence over state-sponsored development. His nephew Juan Vazquez de Molina also became secretary to Carlos I and continued under Felipe II. These men were early promoters of the Spanish Renaissance movement. Their wealth and power led to the construction of many of the beautiful Renaissance buildings now protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Ubeda Map – Walking Tour

Map of Ubeda, Jaen province
Click on the map for an interactive version

A walking tour of Ubeda is the best way to explore the beauty of its Renaissance masterpieces. The perfect place to start is in the heart of the old city at Vazquez de Molina Square.

Plaza Vázquez de Molina

The city’s 16th-century nobility decided to build a suite of grand buildings to show off their wealth and importance. This set of buildings is centred around this square. Also known as Santa Maria Square, it is one of the best places to see buildings built in the Renaissance style. Many of them were designed by famous Spanish architect Andres de Vandelvira, whose statue is in the square.

Stone fountain hedges church background
Looking east at the Renaissance Fountain in the middle of a garden of cypress and orange trees in Vazquez Molina Square, see the Renaissance-style Sacred Chapel of the Saviour in the background.

Have a seat in the square’s pretty garden of cypress and orange trees. Take a look at the stunning buildings around the square, beginning on the east side with the Sacred Chapel of the Saviour.

Sacra Capilla del Salvador

The funeral chapel of Úbeda aristocrat Francisco de los Cobos was built between 1536 and 1559.  Considered one of the most important civil mausoleums in Spain, it remains privately owned by descendants of Cobos. The family tombs are in the chapel’s crypt and not open to the public.

Gilded altar floor to ceiling
The main altar of the chapel is a gilded masterpiece. The chapel was designed as the funeral chapel of Francisco de los Cobos. He and his wife are buried in the crypt of the church.

Andrés de Vandelvira designed the front façade with sculptures showing Greek gods, scattered skulls, the family shields and the Christian transfiguration. This was Vandelvira’s first commission. 

Admission is charged to visit the chapel.

The Ubeda Parador is next door, on the left, of the chapel.

Parador de Úbeda

The 16th-century building was built for Fernando Ortega, the first chaplain of the mausoleum. Vandelvira designed the front of the Palacio del Deán Fernando Ortega in a very plain, reserved manner to not out-shine the church next door.

In 1930, the palace was the first heritage building to be converted into a hotel in Spain. Called paradors, they are state-owned hotels in castles, convents and monasteries across Spain. They ensure that culturally important sites are saved from falling into ruin.

Interior 2 level courtyard rounded arches
The 16th-century Palacio del Deán Fernando Ortega was designed by Andres de Vandelvira, the master Renaissance architect. The palace was converted into a parador in 1930.

The hotel has two main floors and a basement level. The covered interior courtyard allows full use of the space during the hot summer. The courtyard was originally open-air. Take a minute for a look at the courtyard and its stone stairway.

At the northwest corner of the Vazquez Molina Square is Vázquez de Molina Palace, now Ubeda’s city hall.

Palacio de Vázquez de Molina

This palace was built by Vandelvira between 1540 and 1560 for Juan Vazquez de Molina, nephew of the Francisco de los Cobos.

The large building to the south of city hall is the city’s basilica.

Basílica Menor de Santa María de los Reales Alcázares

The basilica is the oldest church in the city. It was built around the ruins of the Muslim city’s main mosque. Consecrated as a Christian church in the 13th century, many changes were made over the centuries in a number of different architectural styles. Examples of Gothic, Mudejar, Renaissance and Baroque styles are all found. The main entrance facing the Plaza Vazquez de Molina is Renaissance fitting with the rest of the square’s buildings.

Sidewalk leading to 2 towered church background
The basilica showcases a number of different architectural styles as it was constructed over 3 centuries beginning in the 13th century. This entrance facing the Plaza Vazquez de Molina is Renaissance blending with the rest of the plaza’s buildings.
Side chapel basilica menor Ubeda
A beautiful side chapel inside the Basilica Menor de Santa Maria.

Walk east from the square to the viewpoint, Mirador del Salvador, on the old city walls for a panoramic view of the surrounding countryside. The gate, Puerta de Santa Lucía, is to the left. Walk through the gate, following the path along the old walls parallel to Calle Muralla de San Millan to Carmen Park. Walk through the park and enter the city through Puerta del Losal.

Follow Losal Street to Iglesia de San Pablo in Ubeda’s former market square.

Plaza Primero de Mayo

For centuries this was the site of elections, executions, markets, religious events, and the bullring.

The building in the southwest corner, now a music conservatory, was the old city hall.

Couple walking to car front church doors
A classic ride waits for newlyweds outside the San Pablo Church

Rogue Rojas Street is on the north side of the San Pablo Church. Walk it west to the old synagogue.

Sinagoga del Agua

The remains of a 14th-century Jewish synagogue were discovered during building demolition in 2007. Three years later, the restored Water Synagogue opened to the public. See the ritual bathing room of purification or Mikveh and the Women’s Gallery where women met during ceremonies and rituals.

There is evidence that Islamic Ubeda had a significant Jewish population living peacefully within the larger Muslim community.

Walk about 50 metres south to Calle Real, and north to the corner of Calle Juan Pasquau. Look up to the 17th-century tower, part of the former Palace of the Counts of Guadiana.

Corner of renaissance palace
The tower of the Palace of the Counts of Guadiana was added in the 17th century to show the public the wealth of its owners.

Palacio de los Condes de Guadiana

The tower was added to the 16th-century palace early in the 17th century to show its owner’s wealth to the public. Built in Spanish Renaissance style, the former palace is the majority of the spa-hotel Hotel MS Palacio de Ubeda.

Continue down Calle Real to Vela de los Cobos Palace opposite the plaza to the north of city hall.

Palacio Vela de los Cobos

Vandelvira designed this mid-16th-century Renaissance palace as well. The doorway is typical of the time period with two warriors and the family’s coat of arms.

people 2-level library
The 2-level library is filled with books which are centuries old.

The palace is a private home. Tours of its art collection and library are by appointment. 

Walk south to return to Vazquez de Molina Square. The circular route is about 1.5 kilometres.

If you are interested in more artifacts, visit the Casa Museo Andalusí. This private museum, in a 16th-century house, has a large, diverse collection.

End your day in Ubeda with dinner at Restaurante-El-Abside in Hotel MS Palacio de Úbeda.

Baeza

The city of Baeza, 9 kilometres to the west of Ubeda, showcases more stately architecture. Little is left of the Muslim town of Bayyasa which fell to the Christians in 1227.

In the 16th century, several wealthy families, rich from grain, cloth and leather production, spent some of their wealth building church and civic-related buildings. As a result, Baeza became an important religious and educational centre. Many of those buildings, which remain today, are built in the Renaissance style. They are protected as part of the UNESCO Heritage Site designation.

19th-century Plaza de la Constitución began as the city’s marketplace and site of the bullring. It is the heart of the modern city and lined with cafes and bars.

Baeza Map – Walking Tour

Map of Baeza, Jaen province
Click on the map for an interactive version

Most of the UNESCO protected, historic buildings are along the old town’s narrow streets. The best place to begin a visit is Populo Square, just southwest of Constitution Square.

Plaza del Pópulo

The square was one of the main entry points through the city walls. Looking toward the twin gates, the Puerta de Jaén is on the left and the Arco de Villalar is on the right. The Jaen Gate was part of Muslim Bayyasa. The Villalar Arch was built in 1526 by King Carlos I.

Statue of woman lions below city gates behind
The Fountain of the Lions sits in the centre of Populo Square. The fountain’s central sculpture is a woman said to be Imilce, Hannibal’s wife. Surrounding the centre are sculptures of four Iberian lions.

The square is often called Plaza de los Leones for its central fountain, the Fountain of the Lions. It was part of the city’s water supply in the 16th century. The sculptures, four lions and a woman, may have been moved from the Roman city of Castulo.

The 16th-century buildings surrounding the square had both commercial and civic uses so residents could access many services in one spot. The building on the south side of the square houses the Oficina de Turismo. Built in early Renaissance style, it was originally the city’s courthouse.

The current courthouse occupies the Renaissance building on the east side of the plaza. The Antiqua Carniceria or Old Butchery was built close to the city gate because the government preferred the animals to be kept outside the city.

Climb the stairs to the left of the Tourism Office to Calle Conde Romanones and walk east to the Old University of Baeza.

Antigua Universidad de Baeza

The university was built at the request of the pope in the 16th century. It became a major Spanish cultural and spiritual centre prospering in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Angled view front wall with rounded doorway
Baeza’s Old University was built in Renaissance style in the early 16th century.
Building front with red lettering
On the exterior walls of the Old Univeristy and the former seminary (shown here) are a number of sets of painted letters. These were painted by students memorializing their graduation. They have withstood the test of time.

On the exterior of the university’s walls, note the different red inscriptions.  Graduating students painted their initials on the walls to celebrate completion of their studies.  The red paint was usually a mixture of bull’s blood and gun powder.  They painted the initials of their first and last names plus the letter ‘V’ as a symbol of their “Victory”.

The university’s importance gradually decreased until it closed in the early 19th century. The building has housed a secondary school since 1875. Several areas of the school are open to the public.

Stage with chairs Parainfo Hall University Baeza
The public can visit the Old University’s formal Parainfo Hall used now for school convocations.

Visit the beautiful Renaissance courtyard with its circular arches and the formal Parainfo Hall. See the classroom of D. Antonio Machado, a famous Spanish poet, who taught French grammar from 1912 to 1919.

From the school, continue east to the Church of Santa Cruz.

Iglesia de la Santa Cruz

This small church is one of the oldest in the province of Jaen, built in the 13th century after the Christian conquest.  The late Romanesque-style exterior is very plain. Its simple interior is divided into three naves. Paintings from 15th and 16th centuries were discovered on several walls and under arches between the naves.

Plain front stone building circular doorway
Santa Cruz Church is one of the oldest christian churches in Jaen province. It was built in the 13th century.
Altar 3 crosses nave Santa Cruz Church
A number of murals were discovered painted on the walls and under the arches of the Santa Cruz Church. They are the earliest religious art in Baeza, believed to be from the 15th and 16th centuries.

The Jabalquinto Palace is across from the church.

Palacio de Jabalquinto

The palace is part of the Baeza campus of the International University of Andalusia. The university offers postgraduate and specialty courses.

The front wall of the 15th-century Gothic palace is decorated with sculpted ribbons, pinnacles and the coats of arms of the owner.

Inside, rooms lead off from a central square courtyard with semi-circular arches and marble columns on each of its two levels. A beautiful Baroque staircase, on the courtyard’s left side, leads to the upper level walkway. 

Front facade International University Baeza
The beautiful Gothic palace is the Baeza office of the International University of Andalusia.
Interior 2-level courtyard with 2 trees fountain
This beautiful renaissance courtyard has rounded arches and circular columns. The wealth of the owner of the palace was suggested by the presence of the fountain and the marble columns.

The university includes a beautiful private garden and a former seminary both to the south of the palace. The Seminario San Felipe Neri was built in the 17th century.

The south façade of the seminary faces Santa Maria Square.

Plaza de Santa Maria

As the historic heart of Baeza, this square is surrounded by many of the city’s important buildings. Its central fountain, Fuente de Santa Maria, was built to celebrate the completion of the city’s water supply in 1564.

Person in plaza with fountain 2 story building
Andy is in front of a 16th-century fountain which was part of the urban water supply. It was restored, including the supply of running water, in 1993/94.

The Baeza Cathedral is the main attraction of the square.

Catedral de Baeza

Construction began in the 13th century on the site of the city’s mosque which was destroyed by the crusaders. Built over 3 centuries, the cathedral is a combination of architectural styles.

The Renaissance facade facing Santa Maria Square and parts of the interior were designed by Andrés de Vandelvira. The easternmost, Gothic naves have pointed arches and columns with gargoyles at their tops. The Renaissance, western naves have circular arches. Their columns have elaborate tops decorated with leaves and scrolls.

Cathedral with stone tower
This Renaissance front facade of the Baeza Cathedral was designed by Andres de Vandelvira. The cathedral was built between the 13th and 16th centuries and incorporates parts of the mosque which was previously on this site.
Cathedral interior domed ceiling chandelier background altarpiece
The cathedral’s interior is a mix of architectural styles. The gilded main altar is stunning.

Climb the cathedral’s tower for a great look over the city and out to the surrounding countryside. The base of the tower was part of the mosque’s 11th-century minaret.

The doorway on the west end of the cathedral, Puerta de la luna, has a beautiful 14th-century Rose Window above it. This is the tourist entrance.

Walk west on Carretera Canónigo Melgares Raya. Turn right onto Calle Santa Catalina which becomes Carretera San Gil. Walk north back to the stairs at the start of the tour. The full circular walk is about 700 metres.

For a longer scenic walk, instead of turning right onto Calle Santa Catalina, turn left. It becomes Carretera San Benito. At the “T” intersection, turn right onto Paseo del Obispo which becomes Paseo de las Murallas de Baeza. The Baeza Walls Walk follows the old city walls on the Alcazar Hill overlooking the Guadalquivir valley. There are a number of viewpoints.

Stone tower corner building
Colourful flowers and plants decorate the streets of Baeza. What a beautiful place to stroll.

The valley is filled with olive trees which are so important to the province of Jaen. The view stretches to the distant mountains of the province including the Sierra Mágina  to the south and the Sierra de Cazorla to the east.

Continue along the walls travelling west then looping back to the east. The name changes to Paseo de Antonio Machado. Follow this back to Plaza del Pópulo. The full circle is about 1.7 kilometres.

End your day in Baeza with dinner at La Barberia.

On the next day, continue south to Jaén, the capital city of the province of the same name.

Jaén (the Capital City)

While not officially recognized by UNESCO, the historic core of Jaén has a number of notable 16th-century Renaissance buildings.

Unlike Ubeda and Baeza, more of the foundations of older buildings have been preserved in Jaen. Muslim Yayyan was an important city when conquered in 1246.

Jaén Map – Walking Tour

Map of Jaen, capital of Jaen province
Click on the map for an interactive version

The best place to begin a tour of Jaen is St. Mary Square, the centre of the historic old town.

City Hall (Ayuntamiento de Jaen) and the cathedral face each other across Plaza Santa Maria. The Jaen Cathedral is the highlight of a visit to the city.

Front 3 story Jaen city hall mountains background
Jaen’s City Hall is opposite its stunning cathedral.
Twin towers front Jaen cathedral
Jaen’s Renaissance cathedral was the inspiration for the architecture of many of the convents, churches and cathedrals built in America. While it was not completed during the 16th-century Renaissance era, its architect honoured the ideas of the master Vandelvira.

Catedral de Jaén

A mosque occupied this site when Jaen was captured in 1246. It was converted to a Christian church but was damaged and rebuilt several times over the next 3 centuries.

The construction of today’s cathedral began in 1540. The Catedral de la Asunción was designed by Andrés de Vandelvira, who worked on it from 1550 to his death in 1575. Construction continued over the next 2 centuries involving several architects. Generally they respected the ideas of Vandelvira. While the sculptures on the exterior of the cathedral facing St. Mary Square appear more Baroque, the interior showcases Renaissance architecture with rounded arches, carved stone ceilings and circular domes.

Checkered floor round columns vaulted stone ceiling
Stepping into the interior of the cathedral is incredible. In addition to the huge columns, look way up to the beautiful rounded ceilings and arches.
People metal fence front side chapel
There are 17 chapels in the cathedral. All of them are immense and filled with religious art.

There are 17 beautiful chapels around the cathedral’s perimeter built over the centuries in a number of styles. The Vault of the Canons under the sacristy houses a permanent exhibit of religious art. Climb the stairs from the room where the sacred vessels and vestments are kept, up to corridors along the south and west sides of the cathedral. The corridors give unique perspectives into the cathedral’s interior and out to the cityscape.

Exit the cathedral and walk southwest out of the square, following Carrera de Jesus Street to Plaza del Torreón del conde de Torralba, a short walk away. The tower and wall are part of the protective wall which ran from the castle at the top of the hill to enclose the town. The tower was restored in 1972.

Retrace your steps back to Plaza Santa Maria. Calle Muñoz Garnica begins at the northeast corner of the square. Andres de Vandelivra is buried in the Basilica de San Ildefonse, at the end of this street.

Aerial view buildings on street countryside background
Explore the beautiful streets around the cathedral.
People walking down narrow city street
Calle Maestra is now a pedestrian-only street. Historically, it was the main thoroughfare from the city’s mosque (where the cathedral is today) to the different Jewish and Muslim districts of the city.

Return to the square and walk northwest to Maestra Street. The street is pedestrian-only for about 150 metres. Grab a coffee at one of its outdoor cafes. Visit the Oficina de Turismo de Jaén about 70 metres from St. Mary Square, for information about both Jaens, city and province. 

Continue on Calle Maestra, as it becomes Calle Martínez Molina, for about 750 metres to the Villardompardo Palace Cultural Centre. Arab Baths, the Museum of Popular Arts and the International Museum of Naive Art are in this 16th-century Renaissance building.

Banos Arabes, Palacio de Villardompardo

The Arab Baths, in the basement of the building, were built in the 11th century and used through the 15th century. They were filled in by Conde de Villardompardo (Dom Fernando Torres) when he built his palace on top of them in the late 16th century.

The palace was used as a bank in the 17th and part of the 18th centuries. It became a hospice for women at the end of the 18th century. The baths were discovered when the hospice was moved to another location in the early 20th century.

Rounded arches artifacts Arab baths
Many pieces of pottery were found during the restoration of the Arab Baths in the 1980s.
People hallway rounded ceiling skylights
The Arab Baths were uncovered in the basement of the Palacio de Villardompardo when it stopped being used as a hospice in the early 20th century. The baths had been filled in when the palace was built in the 16th century.

The baths were protected as a historic place in the 1930’s and restored in the 1980’s. Archaeological evidence suggests there were 2 cold rooms, a warm room and a hot room. The skylights brought natural light and fresh air into the rooms.

Walk the glass walkway covering part of a roman street discovered adjacent to the baths. A brief film is available to view giving more information on the baths.

Glass floored walkway over excavated street
When the Arab Baths were restored in the 1980s evidence of a Roman street was found as well. Walk on the glass walkway to follow the Roman street.

The Museo de Artes y Costumes Populares exhibits artifacts and a number of photographs of pre-industrial Jaen.

The Museo Internacional de Arte Naif began with the donation of the private collection of artist Manuel Moral. His donation included Spanish and international art as well as some of his personal work.

Walk northwest on Calle los Uribes which continues northwest onto Calle Santo Domingo Bajo. Turn right onto Plaza San Juan de Dios and follow it for about 30 metres to the 16th-century former Hospital of Saint John of God.

Hospital de San Juan de Dios

In 1619, a hospital was donated to the Order of Saint John of God. The hospital complex was the 16th-century building itself, two courtyards and a church. It operated as a hospital until 1973 when it was abandoned.

Rescued in 1992 by the province, it houses the Institute for Giennesse Studies and the provincial archives.

The short Jaen walk ends here. It is about one kilometre back to St. Mary Square.

For a panoramic view of the Jaen, go to the top of Santa Catalina Hill high above the city.

Aerial view Jaen surrounding mountains
Jaen Cathedral and surrounding countryside from the top of Santa Catalina Hill

If you don’t have a vehicle to drive to the top, taxis are available from the city, or you can walk up.

To walk from the former Hospital of Saint John of God return to the corner of Calle Santo Domingo Bajo. Turn right and follow Calle Arquillos as it becomes Calle Empedrada de la Magdalena for about 1 kilometre. Turn left onto Calle Juanito el Practicante which becomes Calle Santísima Trinidad following it as it turns left for a total walk of about 250 metres. The street ends at Carretera de Circunvalación. Turn right and walk about 80 metres to the road up the hill. Either walk the road to the top or find the path which follows the old city walls, Muralla de Jaén, as a short but more difficult route to the top. The entire walk from the hospital to the top is about 3.2 kilometres.

At the top explore Santa Catalina Castle.

Castillo de Santa Catalina

The view across the Guadalquivir Valley is spectacular either from the castle walls or by the huge cross on the east end of the ridge. Fernando III placed a cross at the edge of the ridge when he took control of the city in 1246.

Three separate fortresses occupied the hilltop; the Alcazar Viejo or Old Fortress built by King Alhamar, the Abrehui Castle and the Alcazar Nuevo. Learn the role of the hilltop fortresses and the history of Jaen at the castle’s visitor centre.

From castle walls down to ruins stone buildings
The castle was built on the ruins of the Alcazar Nuevo in the 13th century. Today interior walls of the Alcazar and the castle buildings are visible. The castle’s visitor centre explains the history of the hilltop site over the centuries.

All that remains of these fortresses is the ruins of the Alcazar Nuevo, today the Santa Catalina Castle. Built by Fernando III in the 13th century, the castle replaced the bulk of the Muslim fortress captured from King Alhamar. It played a role in the battles between the Moors and Christians as it sat along the border between the two. During the Napoleonic War, the castle was an important base for Napoleon’s troops.

The Jaen Parador is beside the castle.

Parador de Jaén

In the 1960’s the Old Fortress and the Abrehui Castle were demolished. The Jaen Parador was built in their place.

See the beautiful ceilings in the main reception area and dining room. The dining room and bar welcome everyone, not just hotel guests.


End your day in Jaen with dinner at the Jaen Parador. Relax and enjoy the view from the main dining room looking out over the city and the countryside.

Cuisine in Jaen

Discover the rich gastronomy of Jaen province.  The high quality, local olive oil is used in the preparation of exceptional cold soups, salad dishes and much more.  For entrees, enjoy various meat and fish dishes, such as deer, lamb, trout and sardines.

For a traditional Jaen dessert try Spanish bread pudding, a caramelized, toasted, brioche bread. When you are in Baeza, try the traditional pastry, the virolos de Baeza.

We thoroughly enjoyed the food while we toured the province. It felt like something completely different each meal.

Collage 5 photos of Jaen gastronomy
Clockwise from top left: Salmorejo (cold tomato soup) with cherries, Deer Tataki, Smoked Sardine, Potatoes with black pudding and octopus

Olive Oil Tourism

The Spanish province of Jaén produces an amazing 20% of the world’s olive oil.  More than 60 million olive trees grow in the province, dominating the landscape. 

The “picual” olive variety is the most common in the region. The outstanding quality of the extra virgin olive oil produced here enhances the cuisine of the region.

Visit Oleicola San Francisco, located just outside Baeza. Enjoy a tour of this modern oil mill to discover how farmers harvest olives and create the best olive oils in the world.  Harvest occurs between October and January.

What is the best time to visit the province of Jaen?

The best time to visit Jaen is in the spring and autumn.  The weather is very good in these seasons. Summers are very hot and winters quite cold. 

Transportation – How do I get to Ubeda, Baeza, Jaen?

By Trains: Trains leave from Seville or Madrid to Jaen.  Trains also arrive at the Linares-Baeza station.  From this station there are bus connections to Ubeda and Baeza.

By Bus:  There are frequent buses between the three cities of Baeza, Ubeda and Jaen.
Baeza to Ubeda (9 km) is a 15 minute ride.
Baeza to Jaen takes from 45 minutes to 1 hour.
Ubeda to Jaen is between 1 hour to 1¼ hours.

Natural Parks

The province of Jaen has 4 Natural Parks. 

The most famous and largest is the Sierras of Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas.  The Southern Woodlands Trail is southern Europe’s longest circular hiking route, a distance of 478 kilometres.  For those seeking thrills, these mountains have a number of launch sites for paragliders.

The three other natural parks are Sierra Magina, Sierra de Andujar and Despenaperros.  At all four natural parks, enjoy activities such as hiking, mountain biking, rock climbing and more.

Couple above city of Jaen
We hope you enjoy your visit to the province of Jaen as much as we did!

We were guests of the Andalucia Tourism Board.


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